Driving the (ve) Server at Media Temple

It’s been a few weeks now since Media Temple launched their new (ve) Server and I’ve been testing it out for a few days now. I’m actually hosting my blog there to experience some real traffic load and my first impressions are awesome!

I started off with the simplest 512 MB server and transferred a few websites to the new platform. I’m not too used to the Ubuntu Linux operating system but I found my way around quickly. They do have other operating systems options, but Ubuntu is the one they recommend. First few tests showed that my load time decreased dramatically compared to my Amazon EC2 instance, which I was quite happy with. Next step was to run a few load tests using the Apache Benchmark tool (ab), and very soon I realized that I got quite a few failed requests, memory shortage and other strange stuff.

Media Temple’s (ve) servers are hosted on the Virtuozzo platform by Parallels, and after browsing their documentation I found out that there’s no swap space available for Virtuozzo containers. They do allow around 80% of burstable RAM (so you get around 1 GB when running 512 MB) but when that runs out, you’re left with nothing, not even some swap space on your hard drive. Some heavy load tests showed 30% request failure, which is quite horrible.

Media Temple don’t give much information on the new platform via the support system and in memory shortage questions in their user forums they advice you to upgrade, of course! Well, I wouldn’t like to upgrade to just run a couple of load tests, and what about Digg-traffic? Should I predict that and upgrade before the spike? Then downgrade again to save some cash? Of course not.

A good option I found here is to tune Apache a little bit, reduce it’s resources limits. This will not increase performance, but may guarantee a 100% fail-safe workflow. We wouldn’t like our users to see a blank page (or a memory shortage error) when a spike hits, but we would rather want them to wait more than often and still load the requested page. The settings mostly depend on what software you’re running, which services and the RAM available in your container.

You might want to reduce the KeepAliveTimeout in your apache settings (mine’s now set to 5), and the rest is up to the mpm prefork module. You’ll have to modify your settings and then run some tests until you’re comfortable with the results. Mine are the following:

<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
    StartServers 3
    MinSpareServers 2
    MaxSpareServers 5
    MaxClients 10
    MaxRequestsPerChild 0

This is on a 512 MB (~ 400 more burstable) container. An Apache Benchmark test showed that 100 concurrent (simultaneous) requests performed in 26 seconds with 0% failed requests, this makes 3.84 requests per second, which is quite good. To give a comparison, the same test ran on the mashable.com website gave 30 seconds with 3.32 requests per second, and of course a 0% failure. Also check out other MPMs for Apache which could give results too.

This definitely requires more fine-tuning and if the page load time becomes too high then yes, there is a reason to upgrade, but don’t forget about other performance tricks such as CDNs, gzip (deflate) and others. When you’re done with Apache, proceed to MySQL fine-tuning & php configuration, there are some tricks there too to give you some extra speed & performance.

I’ll keep playing around with this server, plus I’ve purchased a 1GB (ve) this morning, so there’s quite lot of tests that have to be run. Anyways, if you’re looking for a good, high-performance VPS, then Media Temple is definitely a choice to consider. For only $30/mo you can get quite a good looking virtual server. It is more interesting than their old dedicated virtual servers (although still in beta). Cheers, and don’t forget to retweet this post ;)

12 thoughts on “Driving the (ve) Server at Media Temple

  1. This is a Great Piece on the (ve)!
    Thanks for the feedback..getting community benchmark data is very important to us..feel free to email me for follow up feedback etc..

    Jason McVearry
    (mt) Media Temple
    jason at mediatemple.net

  2. (mt) had some major DNS issues today due to DDoS, the (mt) empire was on its knees. But, to give them credit, they got on top of it right away. So downtime was relatively short. Good job (mt)!

  3. hey kovshenin.. thanks for the tuneup tips! I'm running two (ve)'s and I started noticing some memory errors on one this morning in the logs. I ran the apache config you suggested and viola. no errors. Thanks ~ :D

  4. Hi this is Sony, I am the Admin mynokiamobile.org. Recently i have decided to move to VPS server and I have chosen mediatemple VE 512 ram plan. Actually i have been using Hostican shared hosting on which they provide CPanel and I am comfortable with the cpanel and I can do all my server work like installing wordpress and using other tools.

    Here i would like to ask you some questions on the Mediatemple.
    1.Do they offer CPanel on VE server 512 ram?
    2.How is the support?
    3.Support Response time?
    4.Page loading time?
    5.Overall Hosting service?
    6.Complete technical details of the plan?

    Thanks in advance.

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